The Ryan White Program works with cities, states and local community-based organizations to provide HIV-related services to more than half a million people each year. The program is for those who do not have sufficient health care coverage or financial resources for coping with HIV disease. Ryan White fills gaps in care not covered by these other sources.


The majority of Ryan White funds support primary medical care and essential support services. A smaller but equally critical portion funds technical assistance, clinical training and research on innovative models of care. The Ryan White legislation created a number of programs, called Parts, to meet needs for different communities and populations affected by HIV/AIDS. Each is described below.

The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act was an Act of the U.S. Congress in 1990 named in honor of Ryan White who contracted AIDS in 1984, and became a well-known advocate for AIDS research and awareness, until his death in 1990.

Part A provides emergency assistance to Eligible Metropolitan Areas and Transitional Grant Areas that are most severely affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Part B provides grants to all 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and 5 U.S. Pacific Territories or Associated Jurisdictions.

Part C provides comprehensive primary health care in an outpatient setting for people living with HIV disease.

Part D provides family-centered care involving outpatient or ambulatory care for women, infants, children, and youth with HIV/AIDS.

Part F provides funds for a variety of programs:

  • The Special Projects of National Significance Program grants fund innovative models of care and supports the development of effective delivery systems for HIV care.
  • The AIDS Education and Training Centers Program supports a network of 11 regional centers and several National centers that conduct targeted, multidisciplinary education and training programs for health care providers treating people living with HIV/AIDS.
  • The Dental Programs provide additional funding for oral health care for people with HIV.
  • The Minority AIDS Initiative provides funding to evaluate and address the disproportionate impact of HIV/AIDS on African Americans and other minorities.

Ryan White is administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HIV/AIDS Bureau (HAB). Federal funds are awarded to agencies located around the country, which in turn deliver care to eligible individuals under funding categories called Parts, as outlined below. First authorized in 1990, the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program is currently funded at $2.1 billion.